getting all these aside, it is important to find out how thinkers, sociologists, and philosophers have reacted to the modern health policy, or indeed, to the modern medicine itself. There are arguments that modern medicine has an entity of its own, totally severed off from tradition and today’s medicine gets ridiculed tomorrow and making it groundless and rootless. It is of paramount importance to know how modern medicine appeals to learned minds of thinkers, sociologists, and intellectuals.Rene Dubos (Davey, 1995) argues on the Laws of Nature and Taoist philosophy that had influenced Chinese life and had led to a sustained reverence of nature. China was Buddhist in those days and this philosophy blended very closely with their religion based on non-violence and worship of all forms of nature and life. Chuang Tzu wrote of times when people and nature lived in harmony and did not die young and yin and yang worked harmoniously. The concept of unadulterated nature provided health, cure, and sustenance.Western philosophers argued that nature is too abstract to be revered or considered, beyond a certain limit, as it is not a definite entity. It simply represents platonic beauty and lacks the flesh and blood of life. This argument did not allow the Chinese philosophy to enter into the Western sphere. Whatever is the argument, it is a proven fact that people lived a longer and healthier life in the absence of present immunizations and medical help. The writer argues that specific etiology came into being only in 19th century, when Pasteur, Koch, and other scientists discovered specific and researched answers to problems of various diseases followed by discoveries about biochemical and physiological aspects, microbial agents, metabolic process, deficiencies, hormones and physiological stresses that keep contributing to the ill-health. Many theories and diverse ways of treatments with specialties, effective therapies came into being even though they do not constitute evidence for the doctrine of specific etiology. Hippocratic medicine and discoveries of Darwin and Claude Bernard like scientific philosophers definitely rendered a great service in this field.