The ECJ Subordinates Human Rights to the End of Closer Economic Integration in the Community

Certain adjustments and flexibility of human rights are to be affected with some exceptions in modalities. Steadfast impositions of any kind would lead to an imbalance in trade relations. The issue is not a matter of having to choose between rights and commerce. It’s a matter of putting rights on a par with commerce (Broadbent.E, 1996). In the global competition of the trading world, seeking low-cost labor and maintaining minimal labor standards have become a driving force towards global outsourcing. When the global marketplace is viewed through this glass, liberalized trade is found to lower1 both environmental and human rights norms, especially labor standards focussing mainly the competition. In practice, the global market and global trade have produced negative impacts in many aspects. The negative impacts may be ascribed to the unequal distribution of the benefits obtained from economic integration. Improved economic performance of countries is known to violate basic civil and political human rights laying an impression that growth, in itself, is in no way a guarantee of a greater commitment to fundamental rights and freedoms(D.Bronson and S.Rousseau, 1995)Economic Integration is simply the coordination of economic policies among the countries that have entered into a trade contact. Economic integration is associated with both plus and minus factors making it a mixed formula with the aim of achieving mutual development in the field of economic strength. It comprises many subdivisions of processes/modalities such as PTA(Preferential Trade Agreement), FTA(Free Trade Area), Customs Union, Common Market, Economic Union, and Monetary Union. Social and political perception of economic integration is the area where the challenges to economic development are to be met. The main difference between PTA and FTA lies in the restriction or liberalization among the member countries and non-member countries. Most Favoured Nation principle among member countries of WTO requires a country to grant any trading partner the same extent of treatment in terms of international commerce as it does to any other trading partners.