The Definition of an Airport

The user would primarily be that of the traveler in terms of the passenger aspect, and that of the freight would be represented by the forwarding companies, who in their own right are customers of the airport based upon their reliance upon the transportation of their or their clients’ goods in the form of such freight. Doganis (1992) provides confirmation of this complex arrangement of organizations and people that are required to facilitate these activities in elements and activities are brought to facilitate, for passengers and freight, the interchange between air and surface transport. This very sentiment is echoed by Ashford et al (1991) in confirming the modal transfer from air to land modes.The airport has further evolved from a government extension to that of a commercially orientated and dynamic business. (Doganis) In turn, the benefits of the airport affect many people from both an internal and external perspective. These benefits extend beyond that of the functionality of the airport and its required functions, to that of economic benefits that directly, and indirectly affect countries, regions, the traveling passengers as well as the local people. Graham (2003) aptly states that airports can bring greater wealth, provide substantial employment opportunities and encourage economic development and can be a lifeline to isolated communities. One, therefore, sees that the airport provides economic as well as functional benefits to local communities and regions as well as to the user of air transport, albeit passengers or freight.Heathrow Airport has consistently been under the spotlight from various industry stakeholders. Media report of Mayor Boris Johnson recommending the planned phased closing of the airport, with a replacement airport to be located within the Thames estuary area. (Financial Times 2008.)