This stance regarding the purpose of the research critique is further supported by the comments of Holloway and Wheeler (1996), who indicate that a proper critique will judge the study’s strengths, limitations, meaning, and significance. Aspects of the design that must be included in the critique include the design of the study, the methodology used, the sampling selection of participants and any ethical issues that may be related to this approach. Other concerns revolve around whether the data was interpreted empirically and finally whether the conclusions are valid based on the study presented. With this in mind, the following paper will first summarize the study under question and then provide a full critique through the identification of the study’s strengths and weaknesses.For the purposes of this report, the critical framework proposed by Polit and Beck (2004) will be used as a tool to assist in the critique process. This framework presents a step-by-step process to follow in the critiquing of medical research particularly. The use of the provided headings will provide a significant aid in the critique just as additional frameworks, illustrated throughout the work of Polit and Beck (2004) may provide additional supporting evidence.The condition is believed to be brought on by the stress a woman experiences following the birth of her child and attempts to adjust to the sudden changes this brings about on a physical, psychological, cultural and social level. These findings are supported by the medical observations that women exposed to high levels of stress during their pregnancy experience higher levels of depressive symptoms leading to and following the birth.