Refubrishment of the UK industrial buildings

In major constructions in the UK and Wales, industrial buildings are generally one-story, multi-span, rectangular in design and equipped with crane for lifting heavy materials. Moreover, some of the buildings have translucent roofing materials which provide natural ventilation and lighting. Such industrial buildings are mainly manifested in enterprises which are specialised in machine use, metalworking, ferrous metallurgy, and the construction-materials industry (Pastor, 2005). When industrial processes involve substantial emission of heat or hazardous gases, the roof structure of such industrial buildings is developed aerodynamically, and big enough to provide an enabling environment for easier elimination of heated or contaminated air. Most of the industrial buildings whose operations involve such processes have adequate space to avoid air pollution through wind or thermal pressure vents and chimneys in the roof. Richardson and Chaloner (1996) indicated that when production processes involve particular prescribed and controlled conditions of temperature, air moisture, and uncontaminated air, industrial building with single-story multi-spans are have higher ceilings. The main function of the ceilings is to separate the ground where machinery and infrastructure lines are built from the central area for work within the building, which is normally protected from adverse environmental conditions. Such industrial buildings normally lack natural systems and are fitted with artificial ventilation materials, mechanical lighting, and air conditioners. Industrial buildings made in such large designs are mainly meant for the development of electronic equipment, and precision tools (Beaudry, amp. Swann, 2009). Chemical industrial buildings are also designed in similar ways to aid the manufacture of synthetic fabric and fibres. 2). Under which regulations most of them have been built? In Britain, and Wales, the Building Act 1984 guides the establishment of industrial buildings. The statute traces back to the advent of Industrial Revolution when industrial accidents were rife, in an attempt to guarantee safety. The regulations contained in the law, basically guards against fire accidents (Boleat, 1986). Under the regulations, most industrial buildings in the country were built through an initial form of compartments blended with stone materials. Moreover, industrial buildings in UK and Wales are sited away from residential areas or highly congested downtown areas. The site for every industrial building requires the approval of the government before construction process begins. The buildings have wide exits for escape in case of any disaster. Stairways should be made of fire resistant materials and be wide enough to allow easy exits and evacuations of any emergency. Industrial buildings were to be made without obstructed isles and stairways for easier and faster escape. Additionally, all the buildings were supposed to be at most 15 meters from any of the fire escapes (Boleat, 1986). In light of this, every staircase built on the building had to be adequately ventilated from a spacious room to avoid fire outbreaks or suffocation during operations. 3). What are their energy issues? Owing to the inability of ancient industrial buildi