With the trade initiated by Roman rulers among Asians, spices and silk started flowing into the country which led to the development of the Roman Empire demographically and politically. According to (Ch.10, part 1,pg.281)By the late fifteenth century, Europe was recovering well from two of the three crises of the late middle ages: the demographic and political. Due to the change in the rule and power of Italian patrons, there was an establishment of ambassadors for the very purpose of authorizing the political and ceremonial functions of Rome. Moreover, the connection of the Italian rulers with the Asian culture led to the flourishment of Roman province in the area of living style and knowledge. Along with this, humanism was one concept which initiated a debate among the scholars of the renaissance era. The first humanist of Italy was poets and orators and they believed in classical literature and biblical thoughts rather than untraditional modern concepts. As per (Ch.10, part 2,pg.285)Humanism was not a philosophy or a value system, but an educational program built on rhetoric and scholarship for their own sake. One such critic of humanism was Petrarch, Dante, and Boccaccio, who supported ethical principles and value for the upgrading of social values. The main accusation by the scholars of those times was that the Roman government’s attachment to an un-Christian philosophy in order to accept and follow a modern and sophisticated culture. The medieval theologians and philosophers asserted that the middle age of the Roman Empire was a period of dark ages, due to its compliance with nonreligious concepts and unbiblical principles. On the contrary, the artists of roman renaissance period were assisted with new technological skills which enhanced their ability to be more creative. As per (Ch.10prt.3 pg,292) These techniques enabled the artist to portray space realistically and to paint a more natural world. These artists were the well renowned Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo who enabled the Italian empire to outstand in the world with the splendor of creativity and potentiality.