Pharmacology of Addiction Assignment

Some religious experiences are enhanced by the use of drugs, leading to taking drugs that are hallucinogenic in order to approach a state that represents a spiritual awakening. 2.Go to the publisher’s web site at http://health.jbpub.com/drugsandsociety/10e choosing the content links for the chapters in the unit research to find out the mission and purpose of the following governmental agencies, write a short paragraph about each agencies mission and purpose. ? NIDA The National Institute on Drug Abuse has a mission to lead the nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction (NIDA). The intention of the organization is to do research on the abuse of drugs and to use that research in order to prevent and treat the problem of addiction. As well the research is used to ?Office of National Drug Control Policy The ONDCP works towards helping the government to create policies and priorities where the drug problems of the nation are concerned. This agency develops strategies on working towards engaging trafficking and distribution of drugs as well as related crimes. The agency also engages the issue of drug control at the state level as well as the federal level. ?SAMHSA The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration is designed to help people through treatment and effective preventative measures, developing programs for specific demographic groups so that meaningful recovery can be made throughout social groups and that the problems associated with drug abuse can be addressed. ?DEA The Drug Enforcement Agency is charged with enforcing laws that pertain to the trafficking of drugs using international cooperation in order to successfully stop those who make and distribute drugs throughout the world. This is a law enforcement agency that specialized in targeting those who are a part of the drug problems in the world at the highest level of growing, making, and distribution. ?FDA The US Food and Drug Administration is responsible for the regulation of drugs in order to make sure that the public is protected from untested or dangerous drugs that will harm them without proper regulatory attention. Drugs are approved for medical use through this organization. 3.Name three types of drug users and explain how they differ. The three types of drug users are experimenters, compulsive users, and floaters. The experimenter has yet to commit to a drug or choose a drug and will try the substance with the intent of having the experience without the consequences of addiction – which of course is not always successful. Compulsive users are full time users and use the drug or drugs in order to escape their reality. Floaters, sometimes referred to as chippers, will use drugs both through experimentation and through compulsion, vacillating back and for the between the two types of uses. 4.List and explain the phases of drug addiction. Relief Phase: the phase in which the initial use relieves the user of his or her problems through the use of drugs Increased Use Phase: use of the drug increases Preoccupation Phase: there is a pervasive obsession with the acquisition of the drug. Dependency Phase: addiction takes place Withdrawal Phase: there are physical or mental consequences to not using the drug that are painful and/or uncomfortable (Hanson, Venturelli, Fleckenstein, 2012)