Paradise Lost in Context

The first part is the status of England during the 17th century. The second part is a brief biography and the early works of John Milton. The third part consists of an overview and a plot summary of Paradise Lost. The fourth part is a brief comparison of Paradise Lost from Genesis chapters one to three, and a brief analysis on a part of the poem that was not relevant to the chapters of Genesis. The last part is a conclusion on Paradise Lost and understanding of its purpose. England in the 17th Century England and Wales in the 17th century slowly grew in population along with its economy. There was also an expansion in the production of glass, bricks, and iron. trade and industry was given more importance by merchants. The society was then composed of the nobility, the gentry, the yeomen, and the mass, which is composed of the skilled workers and tenants. Moreover, English colonies were slowly founded in North America, and in the year 1609, England was able to establish a permanent colony in Jamestown, Virginia in North America (Lambert). In the aspect of literature, English literature was largely shaped by the Puritan Revolt and the English Revolution. The 17th century was considered as a state of agitation in the aspect of politics, culture, religion, national dealings, and science, and it was primarily reflected in literature. Moreover, aside from religion, philosophers were able to gather new resources from mathematics and science, which brought them independence. This century produced many literary artists from England, and one of them is John Milton (Books, Literature). John Milton: His Life and Early Works John Milton was born in London on December 9, 1608. He was second among the siblings of John and Sara. They resided near St. Paul’s Cathedral in Bread Street. His father was employed as a legal secretary who prepared and notarized legal documents. Included in his father’s duties was the handling of real estate affairs and loans. Aside from being a legal secretary, his father was involved in music and composed songs for the church. He was home schooled and was able to study classical languages due to the financial capacity of Milton’s parents. In 1620, when Milton was twelve years old, he was able to get in and study at St. Paul’s School. At the age of seventeen, Milton was enrolled in Christ’s College, Cambridge. however, a year after his admittance, he was suspended due to his argumentative behavior (Jokinen). His early works while studying included an ode titled On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity, which he wrote in 1629. Another written works of him, with no specific dates, are the L’Allegro and the Il Penseroso (John Milton). During his twenties, Milton was also able to write Comus and Lycidas. These five long poems became Milton’s means in shaping his literary prowess. His artistry has always been influenced by politics, philosophy, and his faith (Paradise Lost: Author). Milton was allowed to return to Christ’s College in Cambridge where he finished his Master’s degree. During the course of 1632 to 1637, Milton privately studied in Windsor where his father had grown up. After his studies, Milton decided to travel for a year to France and Italy. His travel is reflected on his epic piece Paradise Lost. In 1640, Milton went back home to England and begun teaching his nephews (Paradise Lost: Author). In 1642, he got married to Mary Powell, and they had four children. However, his