These days, the mechanical industry has a wider scope. However, in the case of the mechanical industry, the chance of occurrences of fretting fatigue is very high. The mechanism of fretting fatigue is very complex in nature, and it relies heavily on several factors. It is extremely important for the industry to understand the mechanism behind the fretting fatigue. Therefore, effective analysis is a pre-requisite for this concept, and a marked attitudinal change and a positive mindset are also required for successfully tackling such failures. The significant areas where the concentration needs to be made should be identified. Controlling the mechanism and development of various test methods are also essential. .
The term itself indicates that fretting fatigue means fissures from the outer side of a one particular constituent by excluding the rest of the constituents. .“Fretting Fatigue has proved a challenging problem from the design perspective and a significant number of fretting related failures still take place in service. Two features make an analysis of the crack nucleation and short crack growth phases of life particularly demanding. These are the existence of high-stress gradients, which can lead to a side effect, and the difficulty in quantifying the effect of surface damage on crack nucleation. Both of these difficulties can be overcome, at least in terms of analyzing fatigue thresholds, by considering the possibility of short crack arrest. The argument assumes that conditions at the frictional interface are so severe that cracks are highly likely to nucleate. The difference between finite life and ‘infinite life’ is therefore attributed to whether these embryo cracks are able to escape from the highly localized stress concentration caused by the contact.” (Novell 2007).Fretting failure is a highly intricate problem and any attempt to provide an explanation for it needs to analyze the root causes for it and trace its evolutionary process apart from devising on an effective system for the management of data involved. .