The policy planners envisioned a society, where people would have the necessary opportunity and incentives to take up learning as a lifelong process. The process is a basis for building as large a pool of human resources as possible, that would be educational, skill-wise and motivationally sound and full of confidence with respect to their life’s needs. A major contribution of such a pool of Human resources or people would be towards achieving sustainable economic growth. Such a revolutionary change would not be possible without having a look at our educational system. The strengths and weaknesses of the existing system would be an able guide towards moving ahead in the said direction. The existing centres of excellence in Higher education were identified as a major strength. However, the major weak link was the problems at the basic and intermediate levels of education. A contemporary international survey found the UK lagging behind in performance at these levels among other leading industrial nations of the world. The results at these education levels are indicative partially of our attitudes to learning.As per the Learning theory, Learning is essentially a process among other things. Insofar as learning is seen as a process, it has to be ongoing. A process that would result for us in the acquisition of capabilities that would put us in a better position with respect to our past knowledge and skills and make us better able to deal with problems and utilize the opportunities in a better way (Illeris, 2000).The said attitudes to learning had to be shaped to make it a lifelong process for as many people as possible. The paper emphasised on the need to institutionalise this attitude and make it a part of the education system to ensure such a transformation of collective and individual thought.The paper talked at length as to why ‘Learning’ as a lifelong strategy mattered so much.