Iraq War

This was especially so in the light of what was hoped to be greater women’s political participation which would be conducive for development in Iraq in economic and social spheres, whereby the women would achieve like their Western contemporaries individual freedom and political empowerment.In this vein my dissertation explores whether these expectations have been achieved five years down the lane since the Iraq war. My initial research in the field of investigation of ‘women and political participation’ as I sifted through academic and political commentaries pertaining to the issue of women and empowerment reveals that there is a recurring trend of the problems that women face throughout the globe. It is also possible to see that women’s participation in the democratic process in Iraq can be divided into historical phases. Whereas the decade of the sixties witnessed a growth in the number of more politically aware women in the country’s economic, political, and civil spheres of the society particularly through the public/government sector.The advent of the Baathist party in the early seventies also saw the Education for all initiative which made women’s liberation a supreme tenet of its agenda based upon the prevalent socialist ideology. This does little for the private sphere as the Muslim Shariah laws were discriminatory against women. Things did not look good for the development of the Women’s liberation in the mid-eighties which witnessed an Iraq tumultuously struggling in the Iraq-Iran conflict and the birth of an increasing secularist state which targeting the clerical fundamentalist minority of the country’s political arena. The subsequent suppression of this fundamentalist element caused social conservatism so whereas the women were active economically but politically their position weakened and this caused the decade to witness an increased breach of women’s rights and liberties. The nineties saw a wave of religious fundamentalism backed by the public sector and therewas an increase in Burqa and Hijab clad women and there were fewer women in the workforce and colleges.