Infection Control in Podiatry

This recognizes the inter-relationship of systemic and extrinsic factors with the function of the lower limb (Crest Guidelines 1998). Effective management is achieved by the implementation of a range of approaches including health promotion, surgical, mechanical and pharmacological therapies (Warren, et al 2006).
Podiatry entails different specializations. These specializations are divided into 7 kinds namely podopediatrics, biomechanics, sports injuries, diabetes, surgery, rheumatology and gerontology. Podiatry is practiced by specialist practitioners who are capable of both independent and interdisciplinary clinical practice (Podiatrist, 2006).
Podiatrists are medically trained specialists skilled in assessing the needs of their patients and in managing both chronic and acute conditions affecting foot and lower limb function. The key role of podiatrist is to maintain and enhance locomotion function and tissue viability, to alleviate pain and reduce the impact of disability, thereby maintaining and improving the quality of life for patients (Health Care Programmes, n.d.).
In order to explore different aspects of infection control in podiatry a fictitious patient will be used to examine hypothetical current procedures and understand infection control by investigating its causes in relation to tissue viability and wound healing. A case-based holistic approach will be presented to understand the modern concept and the controversies of infection, infection control and wound healing in relation to Podiatry (Merriman, Turner 2005 p 441). Recognising at risk of foot ulceration patient underpins podiatry practice and it is essential to develop skills in the preventative management of ulceration or recurrence of actual or potential problems. Management should include assessment, formation of a management plan, treatment, footwear advice, foot health education and referral if necessary. The rationale for carrying out this study is to help develop professional knowledge by understanding infection control in podiatry practice (Warren, et al 2006).
Of all the causes of foot pathology, diabetes has undisputed importance. People living with diabetes are vulnerable to foot problems associated with peripheral vascular disease and neuropathy producing a decreased sensation to pain and touch. Diabetic foot infections are the most common reason for admission to hospital in persons with diabetes. More than half of all amputations in the United States from 1989 to 1992 occurred in people with diabetes. an average of 54,000 amputations were performed each year. One group of researchers