Human Motivation

Depending upon the intensity of the drive, the action results. Thus if one is less motivated and another is intensely motivated for the same kind of action say winning a game, it is likely that the less motivated loses or gains lesser score and the other wins or scores more points. This drive had been called an instinct by McDougall, 1908 who described it as
“an inherited or innate psychological disposition to perceive, and pay attention to, objects of a certain class, and to act in regard to[them] in a particular manner, or, at least, to experience an impulse to such action”(Wagner 1999 p5).
The second part of this definition describes motivation. (Wagner, 1999 p5) Thus instincts become motives. Freud also has categorized instincts into two: one, life instinct and two, death instinct which according to him are unconscious sources of motivation. Further even unintended acts like slips of our tongue are also acts of motivation. Hence our usual explanations of behavior do not recognize unconscious motivation. (Wagner, 1999, p5) Besides, humans and animals have features of some commonality in motivation. It would now be clear that in psychology, motivation is behavior adaptation by a set pattern within an individual or a program of action by an individual which may be innate or may be due to experience. Biological species, however, must have patterns of behavior based on instincts for which human beings are not an exception. However motivation is not a source of energy or stimulus but it releases an internal source of energy just as switching on a television set, kind of quasi-mechanical behavior in the words of the author. (Laming, 2003 p2).
Now it shall be seen what fear is and how it is a component of motivation. Fear has four distinct&nbsp.components. 1) First internal emotion results in the apprehension of danger.&nbsp.