History of the Middle East

The Oil-Embargo of Middle Eastern countries on states favoring Israel through their policies. Even though this did not cause a lot of changes in the policies of such nations, however, it was economically detrimental to the countries that were targeted by it.September 17, 1978, Camp David Accords are signed by Egypt’s Nasser, and Israel’s Begin, in the presence of United States’ Carter. With these accords, it was shown that peace talks were possible between Israel and the Arab World.1979 Iranian Revolution. Ousting the Shah of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini became the new leader of Iran. The new Islamic Republic not only proved to be a great threat to the nation of Israel but also maintained an anti-West temperament, thus shifting the paradigms against Western interests.1991 The Persian Gulf War was fought as a result of Iraq’s non-compliance with UN’s demands between Iraq and a multi-national force, comprised mostly of US army. It was propagandized as the West attacking Islam and caused much more suspicion and hatred on the grass-root level.Born on 1st March 1922, Yitzhak Rabin was a general in the Israeli army, who later became a politician. He served twice as the Israeli Prime Minister, with his first term being from 1974 to 1977. His second term started in 1992 and continued till he was assassinated in 1995 by a right-wing radical Israeli Jew. He won theNobel Peace Prizeshared withShimon Peres.Yasser Arafatin 1994. His signing of the Oslo Accords angered many right-wing Jews who vehemently opposed his ‘treatment’ of the Palestinians, or what they saw to be his pro-Palestine stance. He was blamed for Jewish deaths in terror attacks by his peers. While this action was not favored by his fellow countrymen, the fact that he was willing to negotiate for peace in the region with his race’s sworn enemies won him respect in the eyes of the Arab and Western world, hencethe Nobel Peace Prize.