A study into the effectiveness of existing cycle lane Effect of cycle lanes at priority junction

However, I would like to show my appreciation to these people. First of all I would like to thank my project supervisor, Dr SaadYousif for all the help, guidance and support throughout the project period. I would also to like to thank Mr Ralph Henson and Dr SaadYousif for the help and the useful information which they provided during the course of MSc Transport Engineering and Planning in regards to carrying out the surveys and the statistical analysis. I would like also to thank my family for their support in the difficult moments and for helping on the practical side of the surveys. Finally, I would like to express my appreciation to my girlfriend Demetra Christodoulou for being next to me in this difficult and stressful period. Table of Contents Chapter 1 – Introduction 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Aims 2 1.3 Objectives 2 1.4 Project Outline 3 1.4.1 Chapter 1 3 1.4.2 Chapter 2: Literature Review and Related Theory 3 1.4.3 Chapter 3: Data Collection and Surveys Methodology 3 1.4.4 Chapter 4: Analysis 4 1.4.5 Chapter 5: Summary-conclusion and Recommendation for further work 4 Chapter 2: Literature Review – Related Theory 5 2.1 Levels of use – Cycling in our days 5 2.1.1 United Kingdom 5 2.1.2 Comparison among different countries 7 2.2 Problems faced by cyclists 10 2.2.1 On-street parking 12 2.2.2 Integration of bicycle and public transport 13 2.2.3 Pavement surface quality 13 2.2.4 Drainage inlet grates 13 2.2.5 Cycle facilities problems 13 2.3 Possible solutions for the problems 13 2.3.1 Coherence 14 2.3.2 Comfort 14 2.3.3 Attractiveness 14 2.3.4 Directness 15 2.3.5 Safety 15 2.3.6 Further solutions for the problems faced by cyclists 16 2.4 The Benefits of Increasing Cycling 18 2.4.1 Health 18 2.4.2 Social Inclusion and Quality of Life 19 2.4.3 Low Polluting 19 2.4.4 Economic 19 2.5 The cyclists 20 2.6 Cycle user types-Characteristics 21 2.7 Cycle facilities forms – Cycle lanes innovations at junctions 22 2.7.1 Cycle facilities forms 22 2.7.2 Cycle Lane Innovations 24 2.8 Critical Comparison of Design Standards between United Kingdom, Cyprus and United States of America 26 2.8.1 Cycle lane at intersections 27 2.8.2 Comparison of cycle lane facilities widths between different countries 28 2.9 Bicycle –Car Collisions 29 2.11 Driver Reactions at Priority Intersections – Gap and Lag Acceptance 32 Chapter 3: Data Collection and Survey Methodology 33 3.1 Introduction 33 3.2 Scope of Data Collection 33 3.3 Health and Safety Issues 34 3.4 Selection of Site – Site Specifications 34 3.5 Data Collection Methods 37 3.5.1 Speed radar gun (How is work) 38 3.5.2 Video and Speed survey 39 3.5.3 Geometrical Layout 40 3.5.4 Other features of the site 40 3.6 Limitations-Related problems with the data 41 Chapter 4: Data Analysis – Audit of Cycle infrastructure 43 4.1 Introduction 43 4.2 Audit of Cycle Infrastructure 43 4.2.1 Signing and Marking 44 4.2.2 Surfacing/Pavement 45 4.2.3 Parked vehicles conflict 46 4.2.4 Cycle Parking 47 4.2.5 Drainage 47 4.2.6 Lighting 48 4.2.7 Summary of the results 48 4.3 Vehicle Speeds in major road 49 4.4. Traffic Flow in Major/Minor Road 51 4.4.1 Traffic flow on major road 53 4.4.2 Traffic flow on minor road 55 4.5 Types of Vehicle at Priority Junction 57 4.6 Motor/Pedal cycle